Friday, March 24, 2017

Readings 5

The readings in the book this week seem to revolve a lot around movements. In chapter 70 Peter Evans provides an argument of the three things that seem to challenge neo-liberalism; Environmentalism, labor, and feminist. His argument on labor had a lot to do with UPS and America how the strike was successful and people were globally with the cause because UPS provides union jobs that are temporary or part-time with low pay and good benefits that will ultimately benefit the EU. They were going to the top of the chain to keep these jobs. Feminist argument derives around basic human rights. It was said that woman take the most time off for care so it was discriminated against them that they are not needed. The woman receive lack of social contract in the workforce. The discrimination against women globally eventually lead to the organizations "Self-employed women's association" and "feminism without borders." The final argument is the globalization of environmental issues. The companies that are expanding are harming the communities that they are moving in for example preserving fauna and flora. The global and local issues bot differ but are equally harmful such as the ozone layer, global warming, and local you have your toxic waste being dumped into the local rivers. These issues all relate and are today a political argument as well.

Chapter 71 goes into the Global Justice Movement. After 9/11 the movement grew at a fast pace every year up until 2005 where it started decreasing and becoming less diverse due to the internet. A lot of the organization had disappeared or became less active. Another argument is the reduction of poverty. There are billions of individuals in poverty globally and helping the poor would be the ideal thing to do, giving the world a better healthier life and would also reduce figure in the world bank.

The e-reserves article emphasized on the conditions of Mexico from the North to the South. How much debt they have encountered since 1970 ranging in the multi billion dollar bracket to keep the economy and living state of the north or "penthouse" Mexico very elite. As for the rest of Mexico the more south you go the more poverty you endure. Foul living conditions, hunger, poor water sanitation, crime, and more.  The basement of Mexico was fed up and fought back because they have nothing to lose. In chapter 70 feminist was brought up and in the e-reserve at the end of the article it goes into how much women are at a disadvantage because the statistics of the salaries, illiteracy and living conditions are far worse.

Readings #5

The readings this week are a very interesting set of articles. The class is based on the effects of globalization. The essays are a relief on something that sometimes looks like a certain doom of companies taking over the world and basically our lives. There is a sense in which we see the companies winning in all aspects of it. There is no free movement of people, but yes of cash, across borders. As I was reading the history of the Zapatistas by Subcomandate Marcos, it is clear to see that globalization is not as great as companies painted out to be. The way that agriculture has been lost in Mexico to huge plantation subsidies in the U.S. is very alarming for the survival of this indigenous people. It is also very interesting to see the structure of this municipalities and how they combat globalization effects in those communities.

The essays by Evans and Pleyers, are a very provocative form to combat this attempt to world order by companies. Is good to see that globalization is not turning out to be a platform to just increase the power of companies but also the power of the workers, by uniting in a global level. To see, like in the examples in Evans essay, a set of workers half across the world pledging to not take more work if it means the loss of jobs in that particular country. Strikes have been effective in the past against companies as well as Unions. Companies seemed to have found a perfect way to deal with this by being able to shut down a factory with unions in Texas and keep the same level of production by opening one in Canada or ramping up production in Brazil. It a perfect way to keep wages and benefits low. It is very interesting, and a relief, that there is a path to use globalization as just a bigger stage for worker rights, and for company interests. 

Thursday, March 23, 2017

NGO - Save the Children

The non-governmental organization I chose was Save the Children. It is an organization that was started in the year 1919 in England to help aid the children affected by the war.  In the year 1930 is when the organization started to branch out globalizing itself. Today Save the Children is in over 120 developed and developing countries worldwide and is responsible for helping 185 million children. The primary aim is to give children a healthier start because they are the future. More than 5.9 children die each year before their 5th birthday due to things like diarrhea, malaria, and other diseases that we may see as harmless in the U.S.  The organization tries to carry out the aim of helping the children start healthy by providing the proper health care to help survive preventable situations, provide education, HIV/AIDS prevention programs, nutrition and hunger, protection services, and natural disaster relief programs.

Save the Children established their organization in the 1930's when they started intervening in other countries. Their international presence started to derive in this time venturing into other countries and having the outcome be successful. The countries they help the most is Africa and Asia. Another way they became international successfully is by partnering up with globalized organizations that help provide the funds to take care of these children such as Target, Disney, Johnson and Johnson, and 40 more well-known corporations. They coordinate activity through good communication and people at the top working well with each other. Though they are non-governmental, they work with governments to try to change laws to ensure the safety of the children they are trying to protect.

The membership of the organization consists of 14,000 employees worldwide that aid these children. There are corporate offices in Connecticut in America, as well as in the major cities of the other countries it offers help to. The funding they receive are from grants, private gifts, and donations. 87% of the revenue they receive goes to the programs that they have to offer. When it comes to how successful they been the recent year (2015) shows a loss of 2% in revenue, a loss of 5% in program services, a loss of 3% in operating expenses, and a loss of 5% in assets. With the current political state the world is in, they expect to have extra work to be done when it comes to refugee children who are at a disadvantage right now.

Readings 5

Chapter 70 starts out by saying that we think today that globalization is "natural" and that it is not really "globalization" but is a cooperate driven version of globalization and now there are groups (NGOs) who are going against these cooperate giants. The reading then goes on to talk about that there are three movements that "are aimed the idea of countermeghonic" and those are labor, women's, and environmental movements. The labor movements give the idea that workers have rights and companies have no right to take these away. Also with the increase of jobs being sent oversees there is lacking a "social contract between the employer and the employee" and workers are working globally to fix the lack of this. The idea of the women's movement is that women are being denied their basic rights and are not being paid for the work that they actually do, they are forced into an informal economy. Groups are fighting globally for the rights of women so they can show they have more worth than what others think they have. As for the environmental movement the environment has been super screwed in this century and not everyone is realizing or wanting to do anything about it. The effects of pollution in one place will effect the pollution globally and will cause a major problem. The environmentalists want to "save the planet" while other countries and companies want to make money. The environmental movement has been successful because there is a "universal ideology" that we need to save our planet.
Chapter 71 is about "the global justice movement" and how it is a stance against neo-liberalism.  The idea of neo-liberalism has caused poor people (and others) to have an extreme disadvantage in the world economy. People over time have been tired of this and have started to stand up for yhemseves, though not always successfully. People also try to focus on this on a local level like with the Zapatistas and their community. Nations and people also encourage "progressive leaders" to get things done. The problem with progressive leaders is the potential for someone who is too progressive. I would be afraid that it would lead to someone having too much control.
The e-reserve is about Mexico and the conditions. It is not only about the physical conditions but the economic conditions as well. It talks about how there is a pent house Mexico and how that is all of the rich looking down at the poor and who can not be bothered with the problems occurring below them. There is also a middle Mexico which has a mix of the really rich and the really poor like penthouse mexico. Lower Mexico is were you have extremely poor populations with very few rich
 Basement Mexico is where you have the really poor people who were taken advantage of since the time Columbus first set foot on the Americas. The poor are taken advantage of by the extremely rich and cannot do something about it unless they rally together, but if they rally together they could be killed. It is a sad example were women are being taken advantage of, workers are being taken advantage of, and the environment. Many people want to escape Mexico because of their living conditions and they are met with resistance in the USA.
It really breaks my heart that people have to get up and leave their loves behind and try and move to places like the US and are treated pretty badly. It may be better than what they are used to, but immigrants from Latin America are not treated fairly. People are trying to build walls to keep these people stuck in their society with no escape.


This weeks reading describes the opposition of neoliberalism and globalization within social movements.

Chapter 70 discussed how globalization can be perceived negatively among environmental activist. Which makes sense because the growth of corporations effect the environment. The larger each corporation gets the larger the need for resources. Which points to the easiest way to get resources, buying them in poverty stricken countries, that can lead to low wages. As the environmental activist fight for pressing issues against globalization, they prepare alternative solutions. Environmental advocates are the only ones fighting against the development of globalization. Social movements including the feminist and LGBQT movement are great examples. They fight against what can and has been seen from the effects of the development of globalization. I think globalization is just a process that can be altered into equal policies, if corporations are willing to listen.

Chapter 71 discussed the opposition of neoliberal ideologies. Similar to chapter 70, social movements are accumulating to change the policies of political power. Both chapters discuss that the social injustice on the inequality partaking within the government policies are not going unseen. This not something people just make up for entertainment or attention but these are actual experiences that should be empathized. Social movements are sometimes seen as good or bad, if they take shape with violence being their main source of persuasion then they aren't so good. If they take shape by slandering other movement then, they too aren't so good. As they fight using factual information that supports their argument, they gain more support from society and which may or may not move the political judgement. Though violence and aggression may work to move the judgment but personally, violence only creates more static among people, dividing instead of uniting.

The E-reserves discussed how the Zapatistas are standing up to the greedy corporations in Mexico City. They see the clear disadvantage they've been placed at from their own nation. One city makes the money while another gets nothing and strives. It would be surprising to me if there wasn't a social movement against this. With a clear line of who is struggling and of who is relaxing, a social movement becomes ideal. This raises the question, why is inequality so hard to see if social movements, such as the Zapatistas, are forming against governments? Not saying that there is a clean cut solution to ending inequality but I just wonder do political office holders and economic officials refer to past policy problems? And if they do what can they do to create easier lives for their societies, but then again there are countries with people in such positions who don't care. Which is another reason why social movements occur, ignorance to human rights.

Weekly Readings 5

Despite it being proclaimed as the way of the future globalization still has a lot of problems to with mainly with the concept of how it treats fellow countries. First world countries thrive off this system of exporting their services to other countries meanwhile third world countries are the ones to pick up this grunt work from first world countries showing that globalization doesn't have everyone in mind when progressing forward.

In Chapter 70 the continuation of globalization is challenged by three current movements occurring in today's society which include women's rights, labor rights, and environmental protection. These three movements challenge how corporations in the modern world can and cannot treat their employees based on gender, how much corporations should be paying their employees, and finally how these corporations interact with nature and what they can do with their waste materials. All these social issues impact globalization since it enforces the fact that we are still human at the end of the day and that our actions have reactions and no matter what we will never end up as slaves to the grind.

In follow up to Chapter 70, Chapter 71 talks about the global justice movements and how factions outside of these corporations can impact the future decisions of these corporations. These can be organized by people who don't want the water of Paris to be run by private corporations all the way to people like Hugo Chavez who thought that globalization would be the worse thing that could happen to his country. All global justice movements work on different levels but they are all run by people who still want a say in their future and not get lost in the overwhelming cloud of globalization

The E-Reserve talks about how the wealth of globalization is distributed among Mexico. In the top part of society in Mexico City there is much wealth in the city and it portrays Mexico as a blooming country meanwhile in the poorer parts of the country people are living in poverty not even seeing a peso of the wealth found in Mexico. This is because all the corporations run their businesses through Mexico City and don't even bother with the rest of the country where farmers are having a difficult time as is selling their crops for little money. In response the Zapatistas started to rise up against this regime and draw their line in the sand to show that they were still people and that they highly opposed this new system of globalization.

Globalization is a far from perfect system and does more bad to the world such as the third world country who live to make the products of the first world. Of course you see little to no action against globalization in first world countries because whether you like it or not we still benefit from this system and it's going to take a while to install a new fair system. At the same time we should keep molding the concept of globalization from something that is fair to only first world countries to something that could possibly be fair for everyone

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Readings 5

The introduction to this weeks readings gives us a view of how the world has reacted to globalization. The introduction first points to the WTO protests in Seattle in 1999. What these people were attempting to do was spread this idea of antiglobalization. However, what was soon discovered was soon realized was that this was a poor fit. These protestors were not so much against globalization, mainly because their ability to communicate and interact involved many forms of globalization, but instead they wanted to correct the ways it was being used. The way these various groups saw globalization was one that benefitted the few and took advantage of the many. Protestors wanted to see a change in the system so all could benefit from globalization, and reap the benefits it has to offer.

Peter Evans gives us a look at three different perspectives in countering this idea of globalization. Evans explains this idea of "three families" that challenge Neo-Liberalism. These three are women's, labor, and environmental movements and how they worked to come together and challenge globalization in their own way. Evans explains that there was always this gender bias within the workplace, but with the changing global picture organizations were finally pressured to change or face consequences. Fighting for equality throughout, women's movements were able to address their issues together and fight for a better quality of work. Next we saw labor movements that protested against the idea of globalizing, specifically the UPS strikes of 1997. UPS, attempting to incorporate an American system of work worldwide was faced with much challenge before giving up its pursuit. Other regions were unwilling to give up the structure they had for the American model that offered only part time work and no benefits for workers. Finally we took a look at environmental movements and how they attempt to combat globalization. This one is quite honestly the most difficult in my own opinion because there is so much happening within. Whole the environment is harmed it comes full circle for the community who coexists within that environment. Examples could be factories that dump waste into local streams, rivers, and lakes that are used by the population, and we can even look at the issues seen from the Washington Post article discussing cobalt mines.

Geoffrey Pleyers takes a more detailed look at the global justice movement. Pleyers describes three programs that appear in this movement: new advocacy networks, local initiatives, and support for progressive regimes. For new advocacy networks, Pleyers gives an example of how the European Water Network was able to influence Paris to re-municipalize its water distribution after being run by private corporations. Working hand in hand with experts, they were able to raise questions and push a new agenda on how to get things done. Local initiatives focuses more on a self reliance and rule in order to keep claim to a better quality of life. Opposing globalization is as simple a unifying as a whole and applying a self-rule. Lastly, we look at supporting progressive regimes. Pleyers gives examples of Hugo Chavez and Evo Morales rule for this component, both who were against globalizing.

The e-reserve discussed the design of Mexico, and how different the country is from North to South. It is quite literally one extreme to another in this country and it is a prime example of the negative impact globalization can have. The beauty of Mexico City and its corporations that benefit from the system and the owners who accumulate masses of wealth is countered by the slums of the southern portion of the country where citizens have nothing. They have no food, no education, no hope. It is these people who lose out in the global market, because of the imbalance they face. It also briefly discusses the Zapatistas and how they fought against this regime to give themselves a better footing in their own country, one that seemed to have little interest in its people.

In my own opinion these readings show how the world attempts to mold globalization to benefit its own needs. The system is far from perfect, and I believe that in order for it to work we can not have a "one size fits all" mindset. The idea of globalization needs to be more flexible. We see how many countries end up disgusted with the idea of globalization because they simply do not benefit at all. Their ability to interact is further limited because they are undermined in many ways. Globalization is supposed to promote equality, but instead it promotes hate.

Readings 5

Language is everything. Consequently, the language we use to describe policy can define the way that policy is perceived forever. The word globalization, for example, has positive connotations - progress, unity, and the interconnectedness of the world. Despite the negative consequences of neoliberal globalization that extend beyond the idealistic implications of the word, anyone who would oppose "globalization" would appear to oppose growth and change as well. Thus, groups who protest the repercussions of market fundamentalism and destructive neoliberalism use terms other than "anti-globalization" to define themselves - alternative globalization, striving to create a global economic democracy that is equitable and beneficial to all.

Counterhegemonic globalization is a form of alternative globalization outlined by Peter Evans that describes the goals of activists and international NGOs that oppose the idea that aggressive neoliberalism is the only way forward. Evans targets three fields of the global justice movement that align with counterhegemonic globalization - labor rights, women's rights, and environmental activism. Indeed, the workforce, women, and the environment are all endangered by reckless free-market capitalism. Workers are easily exploitable in a global free market; when the borders between nations dissolve, so does the formal relationship between employer and employee as labor is outsourced and acquired abroad. Women are marginalized in nearly every society, and especially so in a competitive, global free-market economy; when the economy evolves but traditional gender roles do not, the non-market labor that women perform is devalued and unprotected. And in the economic race to the top, global corporations are prone to negligently proceed without concern for the environment. Protection of these groups is necessary to global justice.

The history of the global justice movement can be divided into three phases. The first of which was a series of diffuse reactions and uprisings to local injustices - the Zapatistas rebellion, for example. These groups of protesters gathered together to combine their efforts in the second phase at the World Social Forum. Though the movement experienced a prosperous period of growth and expansion, around 2006 attention dissipated and it returned to a loosely-knit collection of organizations. Despite the diminished strength of the global justice movement, the geographical scope of its participants is more expansive than ever. The movement is also relatively unified in its values - most global justice activists experience solidarity in the opposition of hegemony and neoliberalism, belief in people before profits, equal distribution of wealth and a distaste for organizations such as the IMF and WTO. They share common objectives, such as poverty reduction, development on a local level, and the promotion of progressive regimes.

Mexico is one nation that would benefit from the successful execution of these global justice objectives. In a 1994 publication, Subcomandante Marcos, leader of the Zapatistas rebellion, describes the extreme marginalization, poverty, corruption and inequality faced by the Mexican people. He outlines a system of governance that consists of "Penthouse Mexico" (the small upper class population) building their success on the foundation of lower and "Basement Mexico" (the large downtrodden poor and, more importantly, oppressed indigenous populations). Though these lower classes make up the massive majority of the nation's population, they are not only silenced but actively persecuted by the upper class. The women of Basement Mexico suffer twice as much hardship and are oppressed even within their own class, hearkening back to the need for women's rights activism in the implementation of global justice. How the current situation Mexico faces has changed since the date of publication is unknown to me but I imagine the fundamentals remain largely similar. The systematic oppression in Mexico outlined by Marcos is more or less a reflection of the neoliberal model everywhere.

Chapter 70,71, and Long Journey from Despair to Hope

In this week’s readings, we read chapter 70, 71, and the E-Reserve the Long Journey from Despair to Hope. This set of readings were a 180 on what we have previously been reading about: a strong stance against the neo-liberalization of the world, saying this type of world is not fair towards different parts of the world.

The first chapter we read, chapter 70, is all about fighting this new status quo of the globalization. Citing three social movements that are happening in the world, the author says that these are the foundations of going against neo – liberalism. The first is labor as a global social movement, as the author gives an example of the 1997 UPS strike. The strike was against UPS and their coming to Europe to bring over the “American Model” of jobs: no benefits, part time, and temporary. With the strike reigning successful in both Europe and America, UPS had to pull out. The second is the feminist movement, with the author summing up that there is a biased to women in globalization. With rising want for gender neutrality, places and organizations that were originally biased towards women will have to change. Finally, environmental movements that is surrounding the world. Many places that are heavily influenced by globalization, for example the cobalt mines in Africa, do not care about the impacts they have on the environment. They just want to job done, however this leads to the water they drink and bathe in to become polluted, which in turn affects the way of living for everyone who uses the stream.

The second chapter, 71, discusses how global justice activist work. With examples like the Zapatista’s that got the word out to the world of their struggles due to the globalizing of Mexico, many people have sided and supported these ideas. These groups use three different tendencies to expand their reach, with one being citizen and advocacy networks. With a community focusing on one topic and getting it done, this tendency works on places organizing themselves in order to fix a problem, and after years of fixing the essential problems, can start to grow and expand. The second is focusing on the local level, which entails with a group of people, like the Zapatistas, who want to protect their heritages and will advocate against neo – globalization. The final tendency is supporting progressive regimes. Since globalization is usually referenced as westernization, many of these people would see these regimes as horrible, for example Hugo Chavez of Venezuela was a huge supporter of anti-globalization.

The e-reserve that we were assigned dealt with Mexico, and how the country is set up, from the “Penthouse” to the “Basement”. The Penthouse is comprised of the top rich part of Mexico, which really reap the benefits from the global market. The beautiful city of Mexico City filled with globalized companies and products flourish throughout the city. However, the farther south you get, the less of globalization you see. By the time you get to the “basement”, these states are all but barley supporting their people: they are impoverished, uneducated, and starving. And, with these people trying to work for the global market, it will not work for them, since they cannot compete with the other countries of the world that outsell their products, like corn. When the article was written around 1994, it also talks about the rise of the Zapatistas that took over the building. They say that since the rise of globalization, the Zapatistas had to rise against and show the wrongs of this new world order.

My opinion in all of this is that many places do have a good reason to hate globalization. It destroys their country when global organizations like the IMF put conditions on for loans in poverty stricken countries, and these conditions usually are taking out programs that benefit the general population. It takes a way a lot from these areas, which in turn puts the unfortunate people at an end of hating globalization. 

Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Sea Shepherd Conservancy

Image result for sea shepherd
The sea shepherd conservation society is non-governmental organization that uses direct tactics in completing their goals. The head of the organization Paul Watson was kicked out of Green Peace because they said that he was too radical and dangerous for them. He created his own organization to try a work to conserve the ocean environment. Originally they were working against governments to get their agendas and beliefs recognized and they were labeled as an eco-terrorist group. They are famous for the show “Whale Wars” that used to be on discovery channel, they would go up against the Japanese whaling ships and go as far as to through chemicals on the boats to taint the meat so it could not be consumed. They used very dangerous direct action tactics that put the lives of their crew at danger.  The website also states, “…the Sea Shepherd hunted down and rammed the notorious prolific pirate whaler the Sierra in a Portugal harbor ending its infamous career as the scourge of the seas”. They use international laws and charters that allow individuals to act on behalf of conservation as the basis for why they are allowed to do what they do. 
The focus is to try and preserve the ocean environment and protect it from exploitation by other countries. According to the Sea Shepherd website, “The original mandate of both organizations was marine mammal protection and conservation with an immediate goal of shutting down illegal whaling and sealing operations, but Sea Shepherd later expanded its mission to include all marine wildlife”. The United States will not claim to work with them and many other governments like Japan have tried to arrest them. They used media to show how horrible the whaling industry is and used this to try and push their agenda. They also showed how pilot whales are tricked into coming into land in the Faeroe Islands and being slaughtered, much like with dolphins in Japan. They showed these awful images on the television that made people go to their governments and act. 
Currently they are working on showing the horrors of having marine life in captivity and the deaths it causes. They are pushing for the freedom of marine life in captivity. My main problem with this is that the animals that would be released would have no way to survive in the wild because they do not hunt for themselves or have any idea about the potential of predators. Also in the wild whales and dolphins are pod animals who rely on each other for survival, without a pod they are in serious trouble. They are also currently working with the Mexican government to protect some of the endangered species that are being poached.

I agree with the idea that our oceans need to be saved and I admire their dedication to stopping these people and saving the animals. They did put pressure on Japan to calm down on the whaling and the dolphin slaughtering, but they put a lot of lives in danger. I am on the fence with the idea of tainting the meat of the whales that have already been killed on the ships. I know the tainting did not disrupt the meat for research purposes which is what they were supposed to be whaling for, but they are going to kill more whales as a result. They also got themselves into massive amounts of trouble to the point that the American government banned their show and their site for a while. They were to be arrested by the Japanese and the American Government if they set on dry land so Paul Watson went into hiding to avoid arrest. They did and are getting a lot of legislation and conservation accomplished throughout the world. They have however caused millions of dollars worth of damages to property owned by other countries. I also have very mixed feelings about them and what they do. 


Monday, March 20, 2017

NGO : Mercy for Animals

The NGO that I decided to do my research on is Mercy for Animals. Mercy for Animals is an international non-profit organization that is dedicated to preventing cruelty to farmed animals as well as promoting compassionate food and lifestyle choices. Formed in 1999, the organization primarily focuses on advocacy on behalf of farmed animals. They run many different campaigns that aim to educate the public on animal protection issues as well as encouraging people to choose a vegan diet. They engage in many different undercover investigations, much of which eventually lead to animal welfare laws being passed. It's an organization that really hits close to home for me because being a vegetarian almost my whole life and being vegan for over a year, animal rights are an extremely important part of my life. I strive to promote compassionate lifestyle choices that not only benefit the animals, but also help protect our planet, and even protect our own health. In my eyes, this organization is changing the world in ways that many people don't understand yet.

The founder of Mercy for Animals, Nathan Runke, founded the organization after an incident in his hometown which a student in his high school bashed a baby piglet on the concrete floor during class. Causing an uproar in his small town, he took the initiative to start an organization that would protect all forms of animal abuse, including the animals most people eat. Nathan has been an outspoken advocate for animal rights since the incident, featured in hundreds of television, radio, and newspaper interviews, including on ABC's World News as well a The New York Times, and the Chicago Tribune. Mercy for Animals are the ones on the frontlines fighting to protect farmed animals. From factory farms to corporate boardrooms, courts of public opinion and courts of justice, Mercy For Animals is there to speak up against the cruelty of farmed animals or "food" animals and to promote more compassionate choices.

 In 2015, Animal Charity Evaluators named Mercy for Animals a “top charity for maximum effectiveness” for the third year in a row. Mercy For Animals has also been consistently named Best In America by the Independent Charities of America, a seal that's awarded to less than 1 percent of charities nationwide each year. They are also recognized as a Gold Level Participant of the GuideStar Exchange for their deep commitment to transparency and accountability. The gold level is GuideStar’s highest level and has been attained by less than 1 percent of U.S. nonprofits, so it really shows the organizations deep commitment to their cause and their relentless efforts to keep fighting for what they believe in. They spare 1 billion farmed animals annually and their efforts have impacted animal welfare laws in 90 countries.

Mercy for Animals focuses primarily on ethical concerns, but the choices they are promoting are doing much more than just benefitting the animals. Animal agriculture, most of which is on industrial farms, is the leading cause of climate change causing over 51% of all global greenhouse gases. Animal agriculture is also the leading driving factor in all aspects of environmental destruction worldwide, it is single handedly the one industry that is killing our planet the most. Because Mercy for animals promotes a vegan diet which consists of no animal products, they are aiding the world into a sustainable future where all living beings thrive and live in harmony with nature once again. Animal agriculture is also the leading cause of world hunger, with 40-70% of the worlds grain being fed to animals that people eat. The message Mercy for Animals spreads to the masses and the work that they do is one that does not just impact the animals, but impacts the entire world.

I truly believe Mercy for Animals is one of the most important and vital NGO's of our time, not only for the message they spread about showing compassion, but for what their efforts will do in the long run for the future of humanity and this planet.

Catholic Relief Services

This organization is a very interesting one to the subject of globalization. This is a multi-national organization that serves on charity programs parallel to Christians beliefs.  the organization is founded by the Catholic Church, mostly by the Vatican. This organization focuses on the sick and the poor around the world. They work in developing countries with the high Aids infected population. They provide medical care for diseases but are less active in preventing. The Catholic Church does not believe that condoms and contraception are dangerous for women and against their view on sex and chastity. Most of the organization, sometimes, does not listen to the Vatican and provides condoms to help their patients.

they help the poor with assistance to agriculture independence and education. they provide with schools and teachers to move out of poverty, and agriculture to nourish the kids to be able to increase their life span.

Lastly, this organization helps with natural disasters and crisis. they usually work with other NGOs to provide more help. they focus on medical and food relieve. another thing they do is to provide the priest for end of life rituals, after all, they are a religious organization,

like many organization, they do have criticism, People have pointed out on their bias against processes that are not compliant to the doctrine of the Catholic Church. these include, abortion, assisted suicide, and contraception. many times, people have been rejected because they needed an abortion to save a mothers life. This a typical organization to help, and founded with the desire, or calling, to help. It was interesting for their diversity of help and programs.

Better World Cameroon

Better World Cameroon (BWC) is a NGO that was founded by Joshua Konkankoh in Yaounde Cameroon.  Since its founding it has spread into a larger organization that has many goals that are aimed at helping educate and better the lives of many citizens in Cameroon.  Better World Cameroon focuses on: Developing local regenerative agricultural strategies; Using Permaculture processes to enhance our Ecosystems; Designing a model African Ecovillage (Bafut Ecovillage Vision2020): intentional Community for youth entrepreneurship and women empowerment; Promoting local government action that drives innovative development of resilient food and water systems and self-organization for cultural heritage restoration; Creating social businesses and Cooperatives to sustain our work.

Konkankohs goal in 1996 was to create sustainable development throughout Cameroon in order to allow for the growth of the youth in all spheres.  Konkankoh throughout the years has broadened his horizons to continually grow the organization and achieve new goals.  His idea was to help the underprivileged and undereducated youth in the country to transform themselves through vocational training, so they may one day become employed and hopefully have a larger impact on their communities and the growing world around them.  Areas of interest included: youth, environment, climate change, agriculture and education for sustainable development.   Konkankoh believed that by giving back to the smaller uneducated communities he could help the country as a whole to improve and have more of an impact in society.

The NGO is based on permaculture principles, meaning they want communities to be well educated and self sufficient.  Since their founding in 1996 they have seen massive international recognition for what they have done as an NGO and how they continue to change and add to their philosophy.  The organization engages with people of all backgrounds to help them in their own unique ways.  This is not a system that has one answer, but rather adapts to the needs of a specific person or group and in term allows them to reach their goal in their best way.  The group also calls on those who have achieved success through their help to come back and also help others in need to strengthen their community and spread their stories of accomplishment.

While this is a relatively young NGO the things it has done within its country are fantastic.  Joshua Konkankoh, alongside his colleagues, has helped lay a fantastic foundation for a country who is trying to better its own standing.  Working with the youth throughout the country, and keeping them within is something that has helped strengthen its message as an NGO.  Self-sustainability is an important aspect of this group, and their ability to have citizens who have prospered from the service return to help as well only helps in the long run.  This engaging NGO is helping a country gain massive amounts of knowledge, and helping spread this knowledge within its borders and beyond.

NGO: Doctors Without Borders

A non-governmental organization that has had a major impact on the world in the last forty five years is Doctors Without Borders also known as Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in France where the organization was originally founded. Doctors Without Borders was founded in 1971 in response to the secession of Biafra from Nigeria resulting in the Nigerian Civil War. France was the only major country to support Biafra's secession and in response to the civil war French doctors volunteered with the French Red Cross and sent their members to Biafra to give aid and support to the people who needed medical attention. Due to this first mission and the run ins with the Nigerian government the doctors concluded that they had to set up a primary aim for their new organization so that they could continue their cause. Doctors Without Borders primary aid is to provide medical attention to third world countries whether it be war torn countries or areas with risk of infectious disease while not keeping any bias of ethnicity, religion, or political affiliation.  

Doctors Without Borders has established their international presence as an organization by sending their volunteers to countries whose citizens need medical health but cannot get it due to conflicts occurring in their countries. Currently they have missions going on in many countries in Africa as well as other countries like Yemen and Cambodia. They coordinate activity across international borders by having open connections with all their members with main members meeting at the International Council to make major decisions. They also coordinate peacefully with the then current government to show that they have the best interest of the citizens in mind and to not have any mistrust between the two factions. In case of emergency Doctors Without Borders can call upon military intervention which has only happened once in the organization's history during the Rwandan genocide.  

Their membership consists of doctors and other medical assistants who openly join the organization. Currently there is over 36,000 employees in Doctors Without Borders with the organizations capital residing in Geneva, Switzerland. This is where the International Council meets to make decisions about new missions, resources, and other things in interest to the future of the organization. Currently Doctors Without Borders is very successful in meeting their primary aim with both getting people the medical attention that they desperately need while at the same time treating everyone equally and not putting up any rules that could lead to discrimination. The organization also has a good history of being peaceful with the governments and people of the world with only having to use military intervention only once in the organization's history.

Doctors Without Borders is privately funded through donations which over 85% of these funds go straight into their programs and missions.

NGO: Comic Relief

     Comic Relief is a British non-governmental organization with international influence and a fitting name. Much like comic relief serves as a lighthearted break from drama in a movie or play, Comic Relief aims to alleviate world suffering in doses using famous faces to raise awareness and funds. They provide grants to disadvantaged people throughout the world and are known for their clever, engaging global charity events, Red Nose Day and Sport Relief.

     British comedian Lenny Henry, and scriptwriter for comedy movies such as Love Actually, Richard Curtis. founded Comic Relief in 1985 to raise money for famine in Ethiopia. Every year since then, the organization has held live fundraising shows and events to work towards achieving their vision of "a just world, free from poverty." You might've seen familiar faces - celebrities, comedians, musicians and other public figures - donning bright red costume noses around this time of year in years past and wondered what was going on. Red Nose Day is a televised night of celebrity antics intended to inspire viewers to donate to positive change in the UK and Africa using humor and entertainment. In the past 25 years the charity production has raised over 1 billion dollars for change and taken off as a media event in many countries throughout the world, including the USA, Germany, Finland and even China - something of a feat considering the nation's reputation for strict media restrictions. Comic Relief's other main event, Sport Relief, is a weekend-long fundraising marathon accompanied on television by "star-studded" entertainment, and even participated in by the celebrities themselves. Not only does this raise awareness and money for a good cause, it inspires the British people - and people throughout the rest of the world, since not only is the UK event broadcasted live, but in 2012 36 international Sport Relief marathons were organised and held - to get active as well.

     So where does the money raised by these events go? Comic Relief offers aid in the form of grants. Their investment strategy as they describe it is to tackle "the root of injustice and poverty" using a four-tiered approach - protecting children, empowering women, bettering health, and building strong, lasting communities. This method is intended to promote improvements in safety, health, education and public empowerment, the four areas Comic Relief identifies as the most important to a just world. This Friday, for example, five specific issues will be targeted by Red Nose Day: immunization, mental health, vulnerable young people - children who are homeless or living in extreme poverty - domestic violence and malaria. As a nonprofit organization, the money raised by Comic Relief is devoted to advancing these causes. About half is funneled into growth and assistance in the UK, and the rest is directed internationally, with a focus on change in Africa.

     Comic Relief's clever approach to global philanthropy - the use of laughter and fun rather than guilt or blame to inspire people around the world to invest in their own nation's well-being as well as others abroad; using the endorsement of celebrities and other people in positions of power to promote awareness; a smart investment strategy that targets the source of suffering instead of putting a metaphorical band-aid over an issue - makes it unique as an organization. But what makes it somewhat exceptional is its transparency. Comic Relief publishes a complete data report on their investments every year, in addition to a list of grants and a map displaying their funded projects worldwide. As a rather large, international operation they are of course not free of faults - the organization has been criticized in the past for investing in tobacco, alcohol and arms companies, businesses that contribute to the cycle of suffering they aim to prevent. However, once this was pointed out they halted deals with these firms completely and began working to not only reform their investment policies but renew public trust. Ultimately, their bottom line is not to make money, but to make a difference - and maybe to put a smile on your face while doing it.